more states move to use gps tracking of sex offenders - best car alarm with gps tracking
New York-the crimes of convicted sex offenders are beginning to haunt them . . . . . . Actually.
Many states are launching projects that use GPS or GPS to track registered sexual offenders, sometimes for life.
GPS can keep track of the exact location of the offender at any time, which makes it easier for law enforcement officers to ensure that they comply with the release terms.
It sounds like an effective system: the authorities can track dangerous sex offenders without having to keep them in jail at the expense of taxpayers.
But opponents argue that the process, especially if it is for life, is over-punished and violates their privacy after the offender has served his sentence.
There may be 50 different sets of laws in 50 states, which makes enforcement more complicated.
"The bottom line is that the use of this technology needs to be decided on a case where it can be characterized as a very invasion of personal privacyby-case basis . . .
It should be an exception if it is used, only for the worst cases, "said David sober, general counsel for the Center for Electronic Privacy Information.
Sober noted that many criminals are just trying to get back to normal after being released from prison.
"Lifetime monitoring will eliminate our concept of people paying off their debts to society and moving forward on an equal footing," he said . ".
But others say it's better to be safe than sorry.
Matt Bateer, Missouri, has launched a bill that will cast a wider cast on those who are being followed, including those repeat offenders who commit crimes, such as exposing themselves to their children
The bill will also impose tougher penalties for sexual assault, such as requiring individuals to wear tracking equipment even after the end of the sentence and parole time.
"I don't think the public really believes we're doing the right thing about pedophile ---
This person, case. by-
"The case approach is causing some very terrible situations," Bateer said . ".
According to the National Legislative Council, "jessica's Law" calls on criminals to follow up on at least one or more bills that have been seen in at least 17 states adopting GPS-tracking sex offenders so far.
States such as Ohio, oakrama and Florida allow lifetime tracking of repeat offenders.
Florida began demanding Republicans must keep track of those who committed sexual crimes against children under 11 years of age after their murder in March 9, 2005. year-
Jessica Lenford, a convicted sex offender who lives nearby.
The Act also provides for 25-
Many criminals who commit crimes against children are sentenced to one year in prison.
Last month, Wisconsin extended the life cycle GPS monitoring of severe and repetitive child predators, when California pushed the version of "Jessica's Law" in a vote on November, this will require a lifetime GPS tracking of every sexual offender who leaves the prison.
Governor of California, May 15
Arnold Schwarzenegger has set up a task force focusing on the electronic surveillance policy for sex offenders.
His recent budget requested $8 million for the execution Task Force on felony sexual assault (SAFE teams)
Designed to "reduce violent sexual assault by proactively monitoring and arresting habitual sexual offenders.
According to NCSL, "in South Carolina, GPS tracking is applicable to crimes, including" criminal sexual contact with minors, lewd acts against minors, against minors
The monitoring will last for a period of time, requiring the person to be registered as a sex offender.
The Missouri Department of Corrections has implemented a GPS program designed to track criminals who are at high risk for recidivism.
Brian Hauswirth, a spokesman for the agency, said that those selected to participate in the pilot will be required to complete monitoring for 90 to 120 days, and the release will be based on "positive adjustments measurable by officials ".
"The plan will only target higher goals --
Dangerous factors in the population, such as violent criminals and sexual offenders.
"Overall, we are very satisfied with the pilot project.
There's something wrong with our equipment.
We are trying to fix some "bugs" in the system ".
"It's time for the pilot project to do so," says Hauswirth . ".
Recidivism is an argument that people who use GPS to track often use.
Many GPS experts say it is unlikely that criminals will commit similar crimes if they know they are being followed.
According to data from the Justice Program Office of the Ministry of Justice, in 1994, 5 out of 9,691 male sex offenders released in 15 state prisons.
3% persons were re-arrested for new sexual offences within three years of their release.
Of the released persons who allegedly committed another sexual offence, 40% committed new offences within one year or less after their release from prison.
The Department of Justice's recidivism Management Center says the understatement or understatement of crimes of sexual violence is higher than that of criminal violence in general.
How technology works, a state-
A company specializing in GPS Criminal Tracking said that the company's system can be in 15-foot radius. ISECUREtrac (OTC)
According to its website, GPS systems are provided for many countries, "Experience shows that agencies using GPS monitoring systems improve the compliance of offenders and enhance their ability to monitor more offenders at the same time, and has had the greatest impact on reducing re-pollution. offense.
"GPS technology was developed in the 1960 s by the military to provide accurate positioning for their equipment and troops.
There are 24 satellites around the Earth sending signals to the ground station.
The GPS receiver uses the signal to calculate the position.
The Defense Department called the technology NAVSTAR ).
The tracked criminal is wearing a card-sized wireless electronic device on his ankle.
Offenders must always wear a waterproof ankle strap and maintain a certain distance from individual GPS transmitters that can be carried with them or installed on the surface at home or at work.
Critics, however, argue that the system can easily become a cost-
If the standards for monitoring are too broad, they are prohibitive.
Various estimates of the cost of the GPS program range from $7 to $9 per criminal per day
It is much cheaper than imprisonment, which, depending on the state and prison, is about $40 to $100 per day.
But the larger the size of the criminals being tracked, the higher the cost of the country.
"There are more than 100,000 sex offenders and the government will need an employee to follow them, which will become very expensive," said Jack King, a spokesman for the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, A working group devoted to this issue was recently announced.
King questioned whether the tracking system could reduce the repeat rate, which he said was about 7%.
"I want to say, now guess GPS to ex-
Offenders will help to prevent recurrence.
It is a worthwhile goal to prevent recidivism, but can a new technology be effective? who can say it?
No matter what they say, a size will never really be "for everyone," King argued.
Critics worry about certain sex offenders, such as those who do not
Violent statutory rape convictions and those convicted of minor sexual offences may also be subject to invasive surveillance.
Peggy Conway, editor of the citizen Institute's Journal of Criminal monitoring, believes that GPS is the most effective deterrent to crime, but not a punitive measure.
Monitoring helps to recover, makes criminals more compliant, and is able to work with other treatments such as cognitive behavioral therapy, she said. "For low-
GPS tracking is too regulated.
"It's too much of a scarlet letter for them," Conway added . ".
Opponents also argue that society needs to be cautious when governments monitor people using the latest technology.
"I think its use needs to be debated very carefully and limited to cases where the law enforcement argument is very strong," said Sobel of EPIC . ".
"Allowing this tracking just because of the existence of this technology does not mean that it should be done in a regular way.
The Associated Press contributed to the report.